AWARENESS ABOUT REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH IN ADOLESCENTS AND YOUTH: A REVIEW

  • Mudasir Maqbool Research Scholar
  • Misba Khan Research Scholar, Mader-E-Meharban Institute of Nursing Sciences and Research, SKIMS, Soura, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Maqsood Mohammad Research Scholar, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Kashmir, Hazratbal Srinagar-190006, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Miracle Ayomikun Adesina Research Scholar, Slum and Rural Health Initiative, Nigeria
  • Ginenus Fekadu Research Scholar, Department of Pharmacy, Institute of Health Sciences, WollegaUniversity, Nekemte, Ethiopia

Abstract

Reproductive health is a relatively new concept that recognizes that especially a young girl has special reproductive health needs before, during and beyond the childbearing age. It also lays emphasis on the fact that health (more importantly reproductive health) of the present generation has an everlasting effect on the overall health of the next generation and that both are of crucial importance for socio-economic development. Reproductive health need of young people especially for young girls and women includes needs for reproductive health care, family planning, HIV/AIDS information, safer sex, unwanted pregnancy, early pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), safe abortion and safe motherhood. Recently a number of programs for school going adolescent in India have focused on information, education, and communication with a limited focus on the provision of clinical and counseling services on reproductive health. Educational programs can increase awareness about reproductive health but this awareness may not always translate into appropriate help-seeking behavior by adolescents. The limited knowledge about reproductive health issues makes young girls vulnerable to various diseases and infections including HIV/AIDS/STDs, substance abuse, sexual violence, and exploitation. In this paper, we would briefly focus on various aspects of reproductive health.

Keywords: Adolescence, Pregnancy, Child-bearing, Marriage, Reproductive

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Prasanta M, Pushpa L. Reproductive Health Status in Andhra Pradesh. Institute of Health Systems (IHS), Hyderabad: India; 2002. [Online]. Available: https://www.ihs.org.in/Publications/wp46.pdf. Accessed: August 16, 2018.
2. WHO. Introduction to Reproductive Health and the Environment, Training Module 1, Children’s Environmental Health Public Health and the Environment, World Health Organization, 2011. [Online]. Available: https://www.who.int/health-topics/children's-environmental-health#tab=tab_1. Accessed: November 10, 2018.
3. Carol L. Sexual health and the respiratory patient. Nursing Times. 2001; 97(12):11. [Online]. Available: http://www.nursingtimes.net/sexual-health-and-the respiratory-patient/206166.article. Accessed: November 10, 2018.
4. OHCHR. Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights, Launch of The Information Series on Sexual And Reproductive Health and Rights at the 29th Session of the Human Rights Council organized by United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2015. [Online]. Available: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Women/WRGS/Pages/HealthRights.aspx. Accessed: November 10, 2018.
5. Nidhi K, Gupta N, Gupta R. Awareness of Reproductive Health among Rural Adolescent Girls (A Comparative Study of School Going Girls and Dropout Girls of Jammu). Studies on Home and Community Sciences. 2008; 2(2): 149-154.
6. WHO SEARO. Adolescent Health and Development, New Delhi: WHO South-East Asia Regional Office, 2015. [Online]. Available: http://www.searo.who.int/entity/child_adolescent/topics/adolescent_ health/en/index.html. Accessed: October 10, 2018.
7. Singh S, Gururaj GK. Health Behaviours and Problems among Young People in India: Cause for Concern & Call for Action. Indian Journal of Medical Research. 2014;140(2): 185-208.
8. Shahani R. Adolescence and Reproductive Behavior: A study of Meitei-Pangals of Manipur. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. 2014;4(9):1-5.
9. Dambhare DG, Wagh SV, Dudhe JY. Age at Menarche and Menstrual cycle pattern among school adolescent girls in Central India. Global Journal of Health Sciences. 2012; 4(1):105- 111.
10. Sharma P, Malhotra C, Taneja DK, Saha R. Problems Related to Menstruation amongst adolescent girls. Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2008; 75(2):125-129.
11. Singh MM, Devi R, Gupta SS. Awareness and health seeking behaviour of rural adolescent school girls on menstrual and reproductive health problems. Indian Journal of Medical Sciences. 1999; 53:439-443.
12. Tarhane S, Kasulkar A. Awareness of adolescent girls regarding menstruation and practices during menstrual cycle. Panacea Journal of Medical Science. 2015; 5(1); 29-32.
13. Jocelyn DJ, Shepard B, Fahimi FR, Ashford L. Young People’s Sexual And Reproductive Health In The Middle East And North Africa, Population Reference Bureau, Washington, DC, USA, 2007.
14. Vanusha A, Parvathavarthini K. Assessment of present awareness on reproductive health and evaluation of a tool designed for reproductive health education among school going adolescent girls. International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2018; 7:2381-2387.
15. Maqbool M, Gani I, Geer MI. Polycystic ovarian syndrome- a multifaceted disease: a review. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. 2019; 10(3): 1072-1079.
16. Maqbool M, Dar MA, Gani I, Geer MI, Insulin Resistance and Polycystic ovary Syndrome: A Review, Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics. 2019; 9(1-s):433-436.
17. Hoda Q, Kashyap S, Askary F, Niyaz A. A retrospective study on prevalence of infertility in women of Delhi National Capital Region. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. 2018; 1(1):1-3.
18. Alison B. An Over view of adolescrnt sexual development, National sexual violence resource center (NSURC), 2014. [Online]. Available: www.nsvrc.org. Accessed: October 10, 2018.
19. Gruber E, Grube JW. Adolescent sexuality and the media a review of current knowledge and implications. Western Journal of Medicine. 2000; 172(3): 210–214.
20. Kaur R, Kaur K, Kaur R. Menstrual Hygiene, Management, and Waste Disposal: Practices and Challenges Faced by Girls/Women of Developing Countries. Journal of Environmental and Public Health. 2018, 1730964.
21. Sinha RN, Paul B. Menstrual hygiene management in India: The concerns. Indian Journal of Public Health. 2018; 62:71-4.
22. Santhya KG, Haberland N, Ram F, Sinha RK, Mohanty SK. Consent and Coercion: Examining un wanted sex among married young women in India. International Family Planning Perspectives. 2007; 33(3): 124-132.
23. Doddihal CR, Katti SM, Mallapur MD. Teenage pregnancy outcomes in a rural area of South India: A prospective study. International Journal of Medicine and Public Health. 2015; 5:222-224.
24. Quinn TC, Samet JM. Epidemiologic Approaches to Global Health. Epidemiologic Reviews. 2010; 32(1): 1–4.
25. Quereishi MJ, Mathew AK, Sinha A. Knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning methods among the rural females of Bagbahara block Mahasamund district in Chhattishgarh. Global Journal of Medicine and Public Health. 2017; 6:1–7.
26. Muttreja P, Singh S. Family planning in India: The way forward. Indian Journal of Medical Research. 2018;148(S1):1-9
27. Chaturaka R, Rajapakse. Current status of HIV/AIDS in South Asia. Journal of Global Infectious Diseases. 2009;1(2):93-101.
28. Naswa S, Marfatia YS. Adolescent HIV/AIDS issues and Challenges. Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 2010; 31(1):1-10.
Statistics
99 Views | 112 Downloads
How to Cite
Maqbool, M., M. Khan, M. Mohammad, M. Adesina, and G. Fekadu. “AWARENESS ABOUT REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH IN ADOLESCENTS AND YOUTH: A REVIEW”. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, Vol. 2, no. 3, Oct. 2019, pp. 1-5, doi:10.31069/japsr.v2i3.1.
Section
Review Articles