PREVENTIVE EFFECT OF PHASEOLUS VULGARIS SEED COATS ON PENTYLENETETRAZOLE (PTZ) INDUCED KINDLING AND BEHAVIORAL COMORBIDITIES
Introduction: To investigate the preventive effect of Phaseolus vulgaris seed coats on pentylenetetrazole-induced kindling and behavioral comorbidities. Material and Methods: Thirty Wistar albino rats were categorized into five groups. The first group received regular saline (0.9 % w/v NaCl) p.o.; the second group received PTZ (35 mg/kg b.w.) i.p.; the third group received valproic acid (200 mg/kg b.w.) p.o.; the fourth group received P. vulgaris extract (100 mg/kg b.w.) p.o.; the fifth group received P. vulgaris extract (200 mg/kg b.w.) p.o. on an alternate day for 21 days. PTZ improved lipid peroxidase levels, decreased Glutathione level, decreased superoxide dismutase activity, increased Nitric Oxide level. Result: This study revealed that P. vulgaris (Hydroalcoholic extract) increased the anti-oxidant level of both 100 mg/kg and 200 mg/kg compared to the PTZ category. Histopathological findings revealed that the hippocampal section of the brain of rats receiving P. vulgaris extract had improved relative to the receiving PTZ group. Conclusion: Based on the result, it is proposed that Phaseolus vulgaris has anti-oxidant properties. This is useful for the treatment of epilepsy.
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